Tiny but Terrible: Dangerous Diseases Transmitted by Mosquitoes

MosquitoDay in and day out, many individuals don’t pay much attention to mosquitoes except when they are buzzing near one’s ears. Like any other tiny flying insects, people would simply swat these mosquitoes to keep them away.

These little creatures, however, are more than just a mere nuisance. Dr. Omar Akbari, an entomology professor at the University of California Riverside, remarks that the most dangerous animal in the world is the mosquito. This insect is a primary vector for deadly human diseases. It infects hundreds of millions of individuals worldwide and kills millions every year. The World Health Organization, in fact, reports that over half of the global population is currently at risk of mosquito-borne illnesses.

So, when you come across mosquitoes, it’s important to take note that they can pass on a deadly illness. Here’s a look at the common diseases transmitted by these dangerous insects.

Zika Virus

Related to the highly dangerous yellow fever and dengue fever, Zika can cause several severe medical problems. Among adults, this virus can cause the onset of Guillain-Barre Syndrome. This condition affects the autonomic nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and the immune system, which could lead to muscle weakness, blood pressure and heart rate abnormalities, severe respiratory issues, and difficulty in breathing.

West Nile Virus

Most individuals infected with this virus will never know that they have this condition, though the virus may still progress to a serious fever along with other flu-like symptoms. Additionally, the disease may spread through the central nervous system and cause meningitis (swelling of the brain’s protective meninges), encephalitis (swelling of the brain), and spinal cord inflammation, which can cause paralysis.

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Eastern Equine Encephalitis

Eastern Equine Encephalitis, also known as Triple E, is a deadlier disease than the West Nile Virus. It carries a high mortality rate for individuals (about 33 percent) who contract the severe encephalitis form of the disease. Some of the symptoms of this illness include a sore throat, stiff neck, severe headache, and high fever. Moreover, the disease could advance and lead to more serious symptoms, such as seizures and coma. If the infected individual survives this disease, it could permanently and negatively affect his or her quality of life as it can cause severe physical and mental handicaps.

Mosquito Infestation? Here’s What You Should Do

Given the diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, it’s best to keep these flying pests out of your home so that you and your family do not develop any mosquito-borne diseases. If you notice signs of mosquito infestation in your home, do not hesitate to call a reliable residential pest control San Juan.

On top of calling a pest control exterminator, you can take steps to reduce the likelihood of mosquitoes from biting your skin. Applying mosquito repellent on your skin, wearing light-colored, lightweight clothes that conceal your legs and arms, and using fans to blow the mosquitoes away help deter these pests from feasting on your skin.

The Zika Virus, West Nile Virus, and the Eastern Equine Encephalitis are just a few of the diseases humans can develop when they receive a bite from an infected mosquito. Although mosquitoes may seem small and insignificant, residents should not take their presence for granted and immediately take steps to exterminate these pests.

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